Early Thai society was divided into two classes namely; upper and lower strata which was hierarchically structured on social-economic factors. Men were formal heads of household while women had responsibility of controlling household activities to a certain level. Women were the key roles of obtaining and regulating household. Women dint hold significant position and leading role. In conceptual perspective, women are not powerful and influential than men (Pongsapich, 1990). In modern Thai, individuals prefer living with parents who have most resources in extended or shared household. Divorce rate is very low in the Thai, family structure was ideal for upbringing of children since both parents were present..
From time immemorial Indian family structure was characterized by joint family but the family system is changing since the size of joint family has been reduced. The adults’ population migrates to cities in search for higher education and jobs to escape from harsh traditional values and norms. Available opportunities outside the family joints and arising pressure from population on the limited resources forced most people to move out in search of better ways to improve living standard. In patriarch society wives had paramount authority; their position was depended on the position of their husbands in the household. The wife of the household head or mother-in-law was in charge of the household, since what they said was law. The decisions made by them were in favor of entire family and not for individual interest. Young women in the family were expected submissive, obedient and bear children. Widows were provided roof over their heads by the family members though they were voiceless in decision making. Parents have taken responsibility of encouraging their educated sons and daughters-in-law to make independent decisions on joint family and extended family situation. Change in structure of authority structure is that women have been allowed to be head of household, they are now independent and gainfully employed. The dissolution of marriage is very rare in India. Indians have respect on institution of marriage and they fear of erosion social values (Singh).
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