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It is defined as a persistent and long term pain due to psychological factors. The main symptom is chronic pain which lasts for several months and limits a person’s work, relationships, and other relevant activities (Greeves 75). The pain causes significant distress or impairment of functioning and cannot be explained fully by a physician. It is so severe that it impairs a person’s ability to function.
Reinforcing of the sick role may play a role in the development of such a disorder. The disorder is judged to be related to psychological factors and cannot be explained by another disorder. Some patients may overlook the significant development of the pain as unconscious conflicts are converted into pain symptoms. However, therapeutic treatment, improvement in social and interpersonal functioning may decrease the pain. Prognosis for this disorder is poor as the course is typically chronic and persists for years and often involves other symptoms such as depression, anxiety and drug abuse (78).