In their views, social constructionists hold that homosexuality has existed almost everywhere, but it is only in a few cultures that it has been organized to become structured into a sub-culture. In support to this argument, it is repeatedly indicated that homosexuality was frequent pre-modern; but in few closed communities was it ever institutionalized such as in monasteries and nunneries. For example, there is a substantial body of literature that indicates that homosexuality has been in existence in various social contexts but creation of sub-culture is what makes the difference (Delamater and shibley 1998). In another example, there is revelation that homosexuality evidences were present in knightly orders like Knights Templar and in some courts of certain monarchs like that for James I of England and William III were the great medieval scandals hint.
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