- For membership and relationships of social groups to be meaningful and satisfying, one of the critical factors is good communication. The quality of life of a blind/deaf individual is dependent upon accessible, concise, and clear communication. Since great difficulty is faced by them in communicating whomever they come across. Therefore, various communication methods can be used for them, especially those that are dependent upon the amount of hearing and residual sight. For example, an environment, involving background noise and lighting must be considered for assisting deaf/blind individuals. Moreover, sensory methods, like facial expressions, gestures, or touch must be used. The tellatouch, blind/deaf manual interpretation of the alphabet and brail can also be used. For individuals with sight loss, non-verbal, verbal, and auditory methods can be used.
- Non-verbal methods like brail usage along with tactile methods, gestures, and touch can be used. Auditory methods like responding and listening to taped information can be used. Verbal methods like talking over the phone or face to face can be used. For individuals with hearing loss, written and verbal communication methods can be used. Emails, texts, pictures, and letters can be used as written communication methods. Sign language, signs, gestures, touch, facial expression, or eye contact can be used as non-verbal methods.
- Lastly, for someone with sensory loss, a positive difference to care can be brought by considering small environmental changes, like usage of colour for making a visual contrast amongst specific surfaces, moving furniture or lessening noise levels. The risk of injury will be reduced and such individuals will be provided a fair chain to be independent by such contrasting environment. Moreover, the usage of larger buttoned telephones and big clocks can also help them in performing their daily tasks. Secondly, better lighting can be used for making things brighter can help them in seeing things clearly and easily.