An informational society is where the formation, distribution, consumption, combination and manipulation of information which is an important thing economically, politically and for cultural activity. This society’s back bone is the digital information and communication technologies. With the help of this digital means, there is a vast explosion of information which is continuously changing the elements within the society, such as economy, education, health etc.
Those people who have the medium to take part in this type of society are known as digital citizens. An information society is considered as the boost of the industrial society. At the moment, there is no specified definition of an information society, nor is there a specific concept attached to this society. Many theoreticians believe that transformation was evident between 1970s and till today (2015) and the function of the society is changing along with it.
Information technology is not limited to the internet. People are still pondering upon the power of the influence of various media forms to the society as a whole. Antonio Negri label and define the information society as one in which people do immaterial labour, which means the production of knowledge and culture. The only issue with this definition is that it ignores the importance of material and industry within the society.
Now a day, publishers only publish their best authors in order to ignore the rest. Films are becoming more and more judged with the performance they have made in the first week after their release. James R. Beniger defines the importance of information in the modern society saying, “The need for sharply increased control that resulted from the industrialization of material processes through application of inanimate sources of energy probably accounts for the rapid development of automatic feedback technology in the early industrial period” additionally stating, “Even with enhanced feedback control, industry could not have developed without the enhanced means to process matter and energy, not only as inputs of the raw materials of production but also as outputs distributed to final consumption.”
An economist named Fritz Machlup was the first person to develop the idea of information society. In 1933, he commenced studying the effects of patents on research. His work was concluded in the study “The production and distribution of knowledge in the United States” in 1962. The problems of technologies and their role in the society have been discussed in a scientific manner with the use of concepts and lables.