The electoral commission of India ordered a special revision in the electoral rolls across India that includes Arunachal Pradesh on February 11, 1999. The leaders of the Chakmas people were frustrated the attempt to have their people registered went futile. The Ministry of Home Affairs in response to the complaints had it out that the Chakmas and the Hajongs Had not yet being recognized as citizens following Citizenship Act .
The direction of the Electoral Commission of India to the Arunachal Pradesh government ordering that 1497 Chakmas and Hajongs be enrolled in the State Electoral Roll out of the total 11,360 applicants was met with mixed reaction . The commission put the exercise on halt on four Chakma constituencies receiving the order that did not include refugees in the electoral roll. A revocation order was issued that saw AAPSU banned the fourth coming elections planned for 5th May 2004, with the Electoral Commission ordering for special revisions in the four constituencies. It is after this that a new history began for both the Chakmas and the Hajongs as they voted for their first time with the turnout for their registered voters being over 50% .
The Chakmas continued presence has always been met with a lot of resistance. It has created demographic problems and environmental concerns too. The steady birth rates within these camps in South Tripula underwent deforestation as the refugees were prone to cutting and felling trees for fuel purposes. The local communities are faced with acute shortages of natural resources such as, wild vegetables, firewood, bamboo shoots and wild potatoes amongst others.
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