Archeology is the science that focuses on the study of past human cultures (US Geologic Survey 2000). It is the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures (WordNet n.d.).
The search for, and interpretation of, artifacts, usually recovered from underground such as grave goods, building foundations (History Detectives Kids 2009). The sub-field of anthropology that examines past human culture through the excavation and analysis of material remains (Rock Art 2006). Archeology is a branch of anthropology where anthropology has been defined as the social science that examines human culture and experience, past and present (Rock Art 2006).
From the above definitions, it is evident that archeology is more concerned with the life of man in the past. , In other words, it is an investigation of man in the past and everything else that related to him. In this study due consideration will be accorded to settlement patterns and mobility patterns and how their interpretation can derive from excavation. A series of concrete examples shall also be considered.
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