In the 1960s, the declining economic and environmental conditions throughout the developing world was a response through ecotourism. Ecotourism is considered as the one through which environmental education is fostered, the cross-cultural exchange is endangered and contributions to the local economy are made.
Experiencing an exceptional beauty of natural environments all around the globe is one of the utmost joys of travelling. Ecotourism emerged to create a responsible environmentally manner of visiting natural areas. Endangered environments can be learned and experienced by visitors on eco-tours while promoting conservation. The key concept behind ecotourism is educating tourists related to research developments and conservation efforts in fragile natural areas. It also is based on giving a chance of experiencing those areas first hand to travelers. The efforts ideally work for both the environments visited by travelers and the travels.
Knowledge of geology and biology of particular natural locations and ecosystems is acquired by eco-tourists. This in turn also enhance their efforts of conservation. Most of the finance also goes into ecotourism, specifically into the conservation efforts like reforestation and repopulating endangered species. Many of the most beautiful natural sites of the world also appear to exist in impoverished countries like Madagascar, Nepal, and Ecuador.
The efforts of ecotourism in these countries also offer economic growth, specifically generated from typical tourism. Around 20% of revenue is returned by regular efforts of tourism to local communities. Most of the revenue is generated through programs of ecotourism that goes back in those communities. Lastly, ecotourism also helps in protecting pristine environments and natural habitats. As the wealth of poorer countries is mostly associated with natural resources such as land, minerals, and forests that can be used for agriculture purposes.