In accordance with 34 CFR, §300.7(c) (13) manual, preschool child who is to be considered visually impaired is the one who has been determined by a licensed ophthalmologist that he or she: have a serious visual loss after correction or have no vision; or have a progressive medical condition that may or will result in a serious visual loss after correction or no vision. Secondly, the child should have been evaluated and determined by the following evaluations.
First and foremost, a learning media assessment by a professional certified in the education of students with visual impairments that accompany the conducted learning media assessment with recommendations concerning specific visual, tactual, and/or auditory learning media that are appropriate for the student. Furthermore, the recommendations should state whether or not continued monitoring and evaluation is required (Bailey and Wolery, 1992).
Second evaluation which can be done is a functional vision evaluation that should be conducted by a professional certified in the education of students with visual impairments. If a professional who is certified in the education of students with visual impairments, the alternative authority should be a certified orientation and mobility instructor. In both cases of evaluation, the evaluation must encompass the performance of tasks in a variety of environments (Bishop, 1996) that puts the child to task in utilizing both near and distance vision. To add to the recommendations, an aspect of the need for a clinical low vision evaluation and mobility evaluation should be inclusive to give a more compelling criterion for diagnosis.
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