Warren Air Force Base is a historical fact where Native American Families pulled their travois before even the military families pulled their travel trailers there. Natine Americans began camping in the Base areas back many years approximated to be 11,500 years ago during the Paleo-Indian period. The goal of the 1992 fieldwork, then, was to: determine the extent of the buried portion of the site to the south; expand samples of diagnostics, tools, and subsistence remains; and examine geomorphologically similar locales to the west to determine whether 48LA277 is a unique site or whether similar areas along the Crow Creek drainage were used in similar manners.
The resulting information was used both in the interpretive center and to enhance the existing knowledge of the prehistory of the area. The artifacts and records are stored and curated at the Base’s state-of-the-art curation facility (Melissa Connor’s 1997). In 1991, a total of 3.5 cubic meters of site 48LA277 was excavated within five excavation units. Within these units, six fire pits were found and four totally excavated. The fire pits yielded radiocarbon dates, pollen, and macrobotanical specimens, as well as lithic and faunal materials. The excavations outside the fire pits also yielded cultural remains, resulting in a total of 108 lots of faunal material, 227 pieces of lithic material, and two ceramic sherds. This testing suggested that much more cultural material was present than was originally thought (Melissa Connor’s 1997). The interpretations out of the knowledge acquired through the above mentioned exercise helps to determine when the land-use patterns began and how they varied overtime.
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