Turkey is seen by the Muslim world as an apostate simply because the country deos not govern its people on religious grounds (Cook, 200, p. 13). The economic policies of this great nation are more similar to those of the western world depicting that its economic foundations are more oriented similar to the western ones. Other Muslim states regard it as a Washington’s ally only enjoying stigmatization from Americans. However, Turkey still holds on its independent foreign policies showing that it does not depend on the west for everything as alleged by fellow Muslim states (William, 2001, p. 316).
Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the country embarked on a series of political, social, legal, socio economic and cultural reforms. These changes aimed at modernizing and secularizing the state, which would put it at par with the modern world that was under the influenced of the western countries (Wright, 2008, p. 67). This project started with modernization of the countries constitution that saw a very big change in the way the country was governed. The legal system was overhauled to resemble those of many western states mainly America and Canada, followed by modernization and secularization of other sectors with main attention directed at the education system (69).
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