Essay: Latin abbreviations

10 Oct

Essay: Latin abbreviations

Sample Essay

If you have to use the Latin forms, make sure that you use them correctly.

  • ibid. (ibidem, meaning in the same place) relates to the same work, cited immediately before.

(a) ibid can refer to the same page.

For example:

______________ line separating text from footnotes
1. S Kostof, A history of architecture: settings and rituals, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, New York, 1995, p. 35.  
2. ibid. same as 1, including page

(b) ibid can also refer to a different page.

For example:

______________ line separating text from footnotes
1. S Kostof, A history of architecture: settings and rituals, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, New York, 1995, p. 35.  
2. ibid., p. 45. same as 1, but different page
  • op. cit. and loc. cit. are used for works previously cited, but not immediately before.

op. cit. (opera citato, meaning in the work cited ) refers to a different page of a work cited earlier.

loc. cit. (loco citato, meaning in the place cited) refers to the same page of a work cited earlier.

For example:

______________ line separating text from footnotes
1. S Kostof, A history of architecture: settings and rituals, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, New York, 1995, p. 35.  
2. R Tansey & F Kleiner, Gardner’s art through the ages, 10th edn, Harcourt Brace College Publishers, Sydney, 1996, p. 29.  
3. Kostof, op.cit., p. 46. same as 1, but different page
4. G Daniel, The first civilizations: the archaeology of their origins, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1971, p. 67.  
5. Tansey & Kleiner, loc. cit. same as 2, including page

 

These are just excerpts of essays for you to view. Please click on Order Now for custom essays, research papers, term papers, thesis, dissertations, case studies and book reports.