The value of harnessing EU resources to the anti-doping campaign was probably an intervention and regulatory culture with potential threat posed to the independence of sports organizations. Since the establishment of WADA the European Union has been in forefront by providing financial support for a number of initiatives including projects that concerned athlete education and scientific research.
The anti-doping organizations generally rely on a limited and often crude range of instruments to achieve compliance. The most common of which are rewards and sanctions due to lack of necessary financial or scientific resources. Rewards which are most effective when dealing with causes of non-compliance arising from either inability or inadvertence include educational efforts and financial transfers where one actor will pay for the compliance of another. These posed difficulties in many countries due to rising funding to meet own implementation costs in relation to doping control. Anti-doping was most unlikely to be successful, due to costs of other countries except by indirect agreement of foreign athletes test who were being trained or competing in the host country. Sanction was the most common tool of implementation in current inadequate financial resources. It is generally accepted that the various resources of the international federations and governments were in need of combined financial resources if global response to doping success was to be achieved (Houlihan, 2008).
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