Visually impaired children have damage to the visual systems in their brain which connects to their sight. In this regard, in educational practice visual impaired child or learner means a medically verified visual impairment establishing either visual field of 20 degrees or less or bilateral scotomas a congenital eye condition or visual acuity of 20/60 or less in the better eye with the best conventional correction.
These conditions interfere with the learner’s ability to acquire information in the academic setting by hampering their ability to interact with environment.
However, a student to meet diagnostic criteria to be visually impaired as stated in 34 CFR, §300.7(c) (13) manual should be stated in exact measures. Thus the main guide to diagnose children with visual impairment is through interfering to the 34 CFR, §300.7(c) (13) manual. In details, the 34 CFR, §300.7(c) (13) manual states that for a child to meet diagnostic criteria as visually impaired, first and foremost, the visual loss should be stated in exact measures of visual field and corrected visual acuity at a distance and at close range in each eye in a report by a licensed optometrist. In addition to this report by a licensed optometrist, prognosis whenever possible should be included. In cases where the exact measures of visual field and corrected visual acuity at a distance and at close range in each eye cannot be found, the eye specialist must provide and state the best estimates.
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