Taking note of the remarkable social influence of these literary work by Dickens and other fictional writers of the Victorian era, Karl Marx himself is known to have commented that they had managed to bring to the society’s conscience more political and social truths than those that had been brought forth by the likes of professional politicians and publicists and moralists, thus revealing to us how the moral and economic order of things had been corrupted by he very force that the ancients had denounced as money and that the modern society had greeted as its Holy Grail. (Eagleton 25)In my opinion, both Soviet and non-Soviet Marxist literary critics regard literature as a product of the same historical forces that play a pivotal role throughout the trajectory of any society’s socioeconomic and political evolution. They believe that literature, thus, not only reflects the various stages of this evolution in any given space of time, but that literary works also speak for or against the actors and forces contesting for control of means of production and the gains thereof at these various stages, hence its significance as a propaganda tool. They contend that while the writer’s social background and ideological leanings play a vital role in this choosing of sides, the influence that a work will carry is not determined in isolation by the person penning it, but more so by the evolutionary stage of the society that it is intended for and the degree of social conflict that exists therein.
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