Notably, the tendencies mentioned above raise fundamental rights issue. In a bid to facilitate these fundamental rights, laws are put in place to see to that. This is because there is an inherent good in every inclination that contributes to the well being of man. Preservation of life covers the basic needs of man namely, food, clothing and shelter. It also covers health, good sanitation, and zero-tolerance to pollution and everything else that is detrimental to man’s physical well-being. The good, in this case, is health and more fundamentally, life. Topics in matters of life are of concern both to religion and state. In the commandments of God life must be preserved. It bars us from killing or taking an innocent life. This is the law and the teaching of the church. The state, through sound legislation upholds zero-tolerance to killing or destroying innocent life. Acts like euthanasia and abortion continue raising eyebrows between the state and the church. From a religious point of view abortion is killing but from a civic point of view debates still suffice on whether life begins at conception or at birth. If the state legalizes abortion and to reiterate, legalizes abortion, it means that the laws recognize abortion. In other words, abortion from a legal point of view is justified therefore it becomes a legal right. But since the church pegs its position on the commandments of God and other teachings of the church it cannot condone the position of the state on abortion. Here what suffices is the conflict between the civil law and ecclesiastical law or church law. Assuming that abortion is a violation of the human good it follows then that the law legalizing abortion is defective.
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