Article IV of the 1962 treaty states that one of the countries shall not refuse to extradite a person requested by the other party on basis of the person being its citizen. When there is a conflict between the homeland laws and the provisions o the treaty, then the requested party owes a duty to the requesting party under international law (Kirgis, 1997).
Such treaties are supposed to ensure that there is peaceful co-existence and conflicts are resolved before they explode into full-blown chaos. This treaty helps the US and Israel to co-operate in maintaining law and order besides discouraging perpetrators from one country from seeking refuge in another country where they are assured of immunity. As common with other laws, there are provisions under which the treaty does not hold. For instance, one country cannot extradite an individual who will face charges that can warrant the death sentence in the country of trial. Also, if the individual faces similar charges in his home country as the one he faces in the country of extradition, then the treat gives leniency for trial at home (Kirgis, 1997). With such an understanding, then the diplomatic ties between the countries are maintained.
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