The transfer of nitrogen from the muscle to the liver occurs as a result of the action of Alanine. Alanine is important in the breakdown of glucose. The excretion of toxic substances is also a result of the action of Alanine. These substances are excreted from the muscle tissue post-exercise (Michael, 2011).
The liver accumulates alanine. After this accumulation is complete, a reverse transamination takes place in the muscle. This occurs with the subsequent release of urea.
The glucose-alanine cycle involves the breakdown of the amino acid also. This cycle involves the transfer of alanine from muscle to liver. Glucose is then transported back from the liver to the muscle.
This cycle is very important to the muscle. Nitrogen waste is eliminated in the cycle and the energy reserves are replenished. Production of Alanine in the body takes place via two pathways.
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